Mental Calculations in the school of S.Rachinsky, by Nikolay Bogdanov-Belsky, Public Domain
School vs. education? What does that mean?
Have you ever heard anyone say, “Don’t let your children’s schooling get in the way of their education”?
Actually, the expression was not original with Schaeffer. Although it has been widely attributed to the American novelist Mark Twain, the original maxim may be dated to 1894, the year science writer and novelist Grant Allen published his book, Post-Prandial Philosophy:
One year in Italy with their eyes open would be worth more than three at Oxford; and six months in the fields with a platyscopic [having a wide and flat field of view] lens would teach them strange things about the world around them that all the long terms at Harrow and Winchester have failed to discover to them. But that would involve some trouble to the teacher.
What a misfortune it is that we should thus be compelled to let our boys’ schooling interfere with their education! [emphasis added]
To say that I was stunned by Schaeffer’s comment is not too strong an expression. I had completed many years of school (grammar and secondary school followed by university) and had then enrolled in graduate school (read seminary). But a year of seminary had left me spiritually burned out. Schaeffer’s comment about school vs. education started a process that transformed my view of learning.
School vs. education may be an accurate way to phrase the issue
What was Schaeffer saying? He was distinguishing between school and education. I had certainly been schooled. I had more schooling than most people in the world and more than many of my peers in the United States. I had put in my time in class. But I had not been educated.
My reflections led me to a number of conclusions, all of which come under the heading of school vs. education.
First, although I had insatiable questions as a child, I stopped asking when I grew older. My schooling did not encourage an inquisitive mind, critical thinking, and creativity. Rather, it trained me to memorize and regurgitate what the teacher taught me. My schooling was about facts and figures, rather than understanding and moral formation.
Second, I realized I didn’t know how to think. I had never had an original thought! I grew up on comic books (images with few words). Today many children grow up with video games and TV (even more images and fewer words).
A third conclusion hit me while I was reading C.S. Lewis’ Narnia Chronicles, for the first time, at L’Abri. I had the distinct sense that I had not lived before that moment.
Fourth, I concluded that I had learned more in two months of informal study and work in the L’Abri community than in nine months of formal seminary education.
Sometimes school and education go together. But often it’s school vs. education.
I had been schooled, but not educated. This understanding led me to the New Testament concept of repentance – metanoia – a fundamental change of mind. I repented, realizing that my mind needed to be born again. This led to a number of other convictions.
I needed to be a life-long learner. I needed to learn from all my life experiences. I needed to take more opportunities to travel and meet people and learn from their lives and stories.
I needed to always be reading several books. Now I always have a book with me to redeem the time while waiting for someone or something.
I needed to become a life-long student of the Word of God, not just for my devotional life, but for all of life, including my work.
I needed to take words and ideas seriously. Over the years I have developed a great love of words, their definition and history/etymology. This has brought me much pleasure.
The whole direction of my life was changed by the observation, “Don’t let your schooling get in the way of your education!”
What did Schaeffer mean by this statement?
Education is a life-long process. Education is not limited to a classroom, a structured period of time, or formal instruction. Education can take place anytime, anywhere, in the middle of a full life, in formal and informal ways. It takes place in the midst of creation, society, culture, and work. The stuff of education may be described as the cultural trinity: Truth, Beauty and Goodness.
Sometimes schooling can stand as a barrier to children learning, growing in wisdom and understanding, becoming educated in knowledge and virtue.
Recently I did a study of the words “schooling” and “education” using Webster’s 1828 Dictionary of American English and the Online Etymological Dictionary [OED]. The results were fascinating and confirmed the distinction Francis Schaeffer was making.
In 1828, Noah Webster defined schooling as “instruction in school.” School is a place where instruction occurs.
The etymology of the word school is even more instructive. The OED listing looks as follows:
SCHOOL, n. [L. schola; Gr. leisure, vacation from business, lucubration at leisure, a place where leisure is enjoyed, a school. The adverb signifies at ease, leisurely, slowly, hardly, with labor or difficulty. I think, must have been derived from the Latin. This word seems originally to have denoted leisure, freedom from business, a time given to sports, games or exercises, and afterwards time given to literary studies. …]
The school is place where “leisure is enjoyed,” a place free from work. Literary studies take place after schooling. The idea of “‘students attending a school’ is attested from c. 1300; sense of ‘school building’ is first recorded 1590s.”
While “school” denotes a building, “education” is associated with the formation of a life. In 1828, Noah Webster defined education as follows:
n. [L. educatio. ] The bringing up, as of a child, instruction; formation of manners. Education comprehends all that series of instruction and discipline which is intended to enlighten the understanding, correct the temper, and form the manners and habits of youth, and fit them for usefulness in their future stations.
Note that education is comprehensive. It deals with both the gaining of knowledge and the development of character – virtue. The combination of virtue and knowledge leads to wisdom.
The OED dates the word education to 1530 and defines its use as “childrearing.” This comes “directly from Latin educationem (nominative educatio), from past participle stem of educare.” From 1610 the word was used “of education in social codes and manners; meaning ‘systematic schooling and training for work.’”
The words schooling and education have very different meanings.
The former is rooted in a place – a building, a place of leisure both separated from work itself and from the preparation of a person for work.
The latter is a process of instruction that prepares the mind with knowledge and understanding, the heart with virtue, and the will with wisdom so that people may be prepared for life and work.
School vs. education: this distinction has been totally lost in the modern word. We would do well to heed Francis Schaeffer’s words: “Don’t let your children’s schooling stand in the way of their education.”
– Darrow Miller