Darrow Miller and Friends

The Lord of the Rings and Japanese Rice Fields: What Do They Have In Common?

This week a good friend, Gary Brumbelow (who is also a new Disciple Nations Alliance staff member), sent me this most remarkable set of photographs that reflects the artistry of Japanese rice farmers. Look in wonder and enjoy what these farmers have created…

[scribd id=30831283 key=key-19dezqwvmkx61u5gs50h mode=slideshow]

Whether they know it or not, these farmers are fulfilling the cultural mandate expressed in Genesis 1:26-29. God gave man the authority and responsibility to develop His creation, to add beauty and creativity to what He  has made, in this case, the rice seed, soil, water.

Several years ago I shared a special meal with a number of  co-workers in Japan. The meal was exquisitely presented in 16 tiny boxes. I had never seen anything like it. It was so beautiful, I didn’t want to eat it! I told my good friend, Dr. Eisuke “Ace” Kanda, seated across the table, that I did not want to eat the meal, but just look at it, to appreciate with my soul its beauty and creativity. He responded that the Japanese want to feast with their eyes before they eat with their mouths.  This appreciation of beauty is an example of what it means to be made in the image of God.

In Genesis chapter 1 we find that God is the Primary Creator. God created, simply by speaking, this incredible universe we inhabit. Or as C.S. Lewis imagines in his Narnia Chronicles, God brought creation into existence through singing. At the end of the Primary Creation, God makes human beings in his own image, with the capacity to innovate, to create, and to rule over creation. His cultural mandate to mankind involves His intention for us to take the raw materials of His Primary Creation, and to bring forth their latent potential with our own God-given creativity. We are to be what J.R.R. Tolkien, author of The Lord of the Rings trilogy, calls Secondary Creators.

In Genesis 1:26-28 we witness the crescendo of creation where God makes the imago Dei, male and female, and explains His purpose for them:

Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.” So God created man in his own image, In  the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living  creature that moves on the ground.”

When God rested, His work of creation was perfect, but it was not finished! The Creator was waiting to see what His image bearers would make of Primary Creation. Human beings are to create culture that reflects God’s nature and the order of primary creation. At the end of history, the fruit of human labor that reflects godly culture will be brought into eternity as gifts to Christ on his wedding day. (Revelation 21: 22-26)

While God creates out of nothing, we have no such ability. We are not God! So we take what he has made–the raw materials, His framework and principles and aesthetic laws–and create NEW innovations. These may be songs and symphonies that no ear has ever heard, or paintings and sculpture that no eye has ever seen. Or, they may be meals that no eye has seen or palate tasted, or rice fields that not only provide nutritious food, but a feast for the eyes.

These Japanese farmers–whether or not they know Christ, and whether or not they know that they bear the imago Dei–are functioning  in His image. They are intuitively taking the raw material that God has made and creating beautiful art.

The biblical principle of beauty, which can be manifest even in the area of agriculture, stands in contrast with the postmodern, secular principle of utility. Utility often replaces land stewardship with unsustainable, industrial farming. The difference, in beauty as well as in productivity, is obvious.

For more on this theme, visit the Disciple Nations Alliance main website and read the papers titled Worldview and Art: A Call for Balladeers and Worldview and Agriculture.

– Darrow Miller

print this page Print this page

Tagged in:, ,
Darrow is co-founder of the Disciple Nations Alliance and a featured author and teacher. For over 30 years, Darrow has been a popular conference speaker on topics that include Christianity and culture, apologetics, worldview, poverty, and the dignity of women. From 1981 to 2007 Darrow served with Food for the Hungry International (now FH association), and from 1994 as Vice President. Before joining FH, Darrow spent three years on staff at L’Abri Fellowship in Switzerland where he was discipled by Francis Schaeffer. He also served as a student pastor at Northern Arizona University and two years as a pastor of Sherman Street Fellowship in urban Denver, CO. In addition to earning his Master’s degree in Adult Education from Arizona State University, Darrow pursued graduate studies in philosophy, theology, Christian apologetics, biblical studies, and missions in the United States, Israel, and Switzerland. Darrow has authored numerous studies, articles, Bible studies and books, including Discipling Nations: The Power of Truth to Transform Culture (YWAM Publishing, 1998), Nurturing the Nations: Reclaiming the Dignity of Women for Building Healthy Cultures (InterVarsity Press, 2008), LifeWork: A Biblical Theology for What You Do Every Day (YWAM, 2009), Rethinking Social Justice: Restoring Biblical Compassion (YWAM, 2015), and more. These resources along with links to free e-books, podcasts, online training programs and more can be found at Disciple Nations Alliance (https://disciplenations.org).


  1. vicky

    May 20, 2010 - 7:45 pm

    Those rice art work are wonderful, i praise God for giving such talent to us to be use in proclaiming His great work.

  2. stanurbancheguy

    May 21, 2010 - 9:01 am

    Fantastic. Opens your mind up totally. I am going to point people to this blog.

  3. Alice Brewster

    May 21, 2010 - 6:03 pm

    This is truly amazing. My husband, Dan Brewster, just returned from The Global Mission Consultation Celebration “From Edinburgh 1910 to Tokyo 2010. He came back with a couple of very contrasting observations. 1) A Japanese pastor /missionary told Dan that the most amazing, wonderful, incredible thing to a new Japanese convert is the fact/truth that they are created. They have been told all their lives that they evolved from apes and from the primordial soup of evolution. To know that they are lovingly created is absolutely amazing.
    2) Not knowing this truth leads to meaninglessness and hopelessness as attested to by the high suicide rate. The millions and millions who ride the subway everyday in Tokyo dressed in identical dark suits, scurring around like ants are a far cry from the creative farmers in the rice fields.

  4. A.

    May 27, 2010 - 1:18 am

    Thank you for your post. As an artist, I have been feeling discouraged lately in feeling like art and beauty is pointless. Your blog greatly encouraged me in helping me to see the bigger picture of the purpose of beauty in God’s creation. Thank you!