Darrow Miller and Friends

To Disciple the Culture, the MORAL Must Precede the Legal and Behavioral, part 2

  1. To Disciple the Culture, the MORAL Must Precede the Legal and Behavioral
  2. To Disciple the Culture, the MORAL Must Precede the Legal and Behavioral, part 2

A society does not end slavery, racism, or sexism merely by writing new laws. As we saw in part 1, the changes must begin at a moral level.

An Old Testament example

We read an example from Philemon, heres one from Jeremiah.

The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord, after King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to make a proclamation of liberty to them, that everyone should set free his Hebrew slaves, male and female, so that no one should enslave a Jew, his brother. And they obeyed, all the officials and all the people who had entered into the covenant that everyone would set free his slave, male or female, so that they would not be enslaved again. They obeyed and set them free. The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah from the Lord: “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I myself made a covenant with your fathers when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery, saying, ‘At the end of seven years each of you must set free the fellow Hebrew who has been sold to you and has served you six years; you must set him free from your service.’ But your fathers did not listen to me or incline their ears to me. You recently repented and did what was right in my eyes by proclaiming liberty, each to his neighbor, and you made a covenant before me in the house that is called by my name, but then you turned around and profaned my name when each of you took back his male and female slaves …

“Therefore, thus says the Lord: You have not obeyed me by proclaiming liberty, everyone to his brother and to his neighbor; behold, I proclaim to you liberty to the sword, to pestilence, and to famine, declares the Lord. I will make you a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth.”

Slavery is morally condemnedDennis Prager on moral precedes legal

Dennis Prager comments:

The Book of Jeremiah records that during a period of great peril to the citizens of Judea (around 586 BCE), when the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar and his troops were about to invade Jerusalem, the Jews freed all their Hebrew slaves (indentured servants), many of whom were held in violation of Torah law for longer than the permitted six years. Then, as soon as the danger seemed to pass, they “turned about and brought back the men and women they had set free and forced them into slavery again” (Jeremiah 34:11). This act of cruelty caused God to declare, through Jeremiah, that the Judeans would now suffer the worst sorts of suffering, involving famine, pestilence, and death … It is of great importance to note that both the punishment of Pharaoh and his nation and of the Jews in sixth-century BCE Judea—as described in this episode—are in response to the mistreatment of slaves. God holds His own people and the Egyptians accountable to the same basic standard—a unique concept in religious history up to that time. The Torah does not legally ban slavery but it morally condemns it. In general … the moral precedes the legal. First you teach people what is right and wrong, then they eventually put the teaching into law. First you teach people “all men are created equal” and “created in the image of God”—then eventually they end slavery.[i]

Ending slavery, sexism, and racism must begin in the hearts and minds of individuals. These institutional evils must be seen for what they are, moral evils.

Far as the curse is found

It took over forty years for William Wilberforce and his band of men and women in the Clapham Sect to show the English people that slavery was a moral evil rather than a moral good. When this cultural shift had occurred, the conditions were laid to change the laws to forbid slavery in the British Empire. Over time, this cultural shift in Britain became the global standard.

Wilberforce exposed the moral evil of slaveryToday, much of the world recognizes slavery, sexism and racism as moral evils. Yet there are still nations that have not affirmed this truth in their laws or in cultural mores.

At this moment in history, we who profess Christ must affirm with Isaac Watts the imperative of his wonderful Christmas hymn:

No more let sins and sorrows grow,
Nor thorns infest the ground;
He comes to make His blessings flow
Far as the curse is found,
Far as the curse is found,
Far as, far as, the curse is found.

First, let us confess the moral evil found in our own lives, then preach Christ crucified and call people to repentance – literally to be “re-minded.” Then we need to seek to reform, to disciple the nation at the level of culture, and then create laws and institutions that recognize the dignity of every human being.

  • Darrow Miller


[i] Prager, Dennis. The Rational Bible: Exodus. Regnery Faith. Kindle Edition, p. 109.


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Darrow is co-founder of the Disciple Nations Alliance and a featured author and teacher. For over 30 years, Darrow has been a popular conference speaker on topics that include Christianity and culture, apologetics, worldview, poverty, and the dignity of women. From 1981 to 2007 Darrow served with Food for the Hungry International (now FH association), and from 1994 as Vice President. Before joining FH, Darrow spent three years on staff at L’Abri Fellowship in Switzerland where he was discipled by Francis Schaeffer. He also served as a student pastor at Northern Arizona University and two years as a pastor of Sherman Street Fellowship in urban Denver, CO. In addition to earning his Master’s degree in Adult Education from Arizona State University, Darrow pursued graduate studies in philosophy, theology, Christian apologetics, biblical studies, and missions in the United States, Israel, and Switzerland. Darrow has authored numerous studies, articles, Bible studies and books, including Discipling Nations: The Power of Truth to Transform Culture (YWAM Publishing, 1998), Nurturing the Nations: Reclaiming the Dignity of Women for Building Healthy Cultures (InterVarsity Press, 2008), LifeWork: A Biblical Theology for What You Do Every Day (YWAM, 2009), Rethinking Social Justice: Restoring Biblical Compassion (YWAM, 2015), and more. These resources along with links to free e-books, podcasts, online training programs and more can be found at Disciple Nations Alliance (https://disciplenations.org).